“Today two scientists have been awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing the tools to edit DNA.
Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna are the first two women to share the prize, awarded for their work on the technology of genome editing.
Their discovery, known as Crispr-Cas9 genetic scissors, is a way of making specific and precise changes to the DNA contained in living cells.
Genome editing is a method that allow scientists change the DNA of many organisms, including animals, plants and even bacteria.
Editing DNA can lead to changes in physical traits, like eye color, height, and disease risk. Scientists have developed different technologies to carry this out.
The technology holds the promise of being able to treat or even cure inherited diseases.
For example, the technology is currently being investigated for its potential to treat sickle cell anaemia, a blood disorder that affects millions of people worldwide.”